Tuesday, 24 May 2016

Australia's Changing Nature and Identity



An Anglo-Celtic is a person who is from England or Ireland.

Demography keeps track of a countries changing population such as deaths, births, income and rate of diseases

The main sources of Australia's population growth are:

  • Natural Increase 
  • More people migrating to Australia
  • People are living longer 
Immigrants benefit the recipient country because they:
  • Increase culture diversity
  • Bring more skills to the country
  • Boost the economy
Changes to Australia's population since 1900:
  • The depression caused less people to com to Australia because there were no jobs and no one had money to buy any products. 
  • It then went up since then and the country became more diverse. 
Our population has aged because:
  • People are having less babies
  • People are living longer
  • We have a good health system. 
Disadvantages of aging population:
  • We have to look after them (age care homes and looking after them in hospital)
  • They can't work
  • Have to pay a lot of money to take care of them
Benefits and Disadvantages of Australia being a ethnic diverse society:

  • Different foods are brought to the country e.g: Chinese, Italian, Japanese. 
  • Lets Australia experience different cultures
  • A wide number of languages being spoken fluently, which helps commerce
  • Overseas links
  • Bonding races
  • Racism
  • Religious differences
Walking down the street in Australia in a main city some of the demographic characteristics I would see would be:
  • People from all over the world
  • Diverse range of restaurants
  • A range of different ages

The life expectancy rises a lot more and people are expected to live longer now and in the future than they would have in 1858 or in the past. This is because people are doing less labor and their's a lot more medication to make live longer. 

Changes to Australia's Ethnic Composition

Migrant- Elect to move to another country and are free to return.

Refugee-Are forced to leave their country and cannot return, because of persecution based on their race, religion, nationality political opinion or membership of a particular social group.

Immigration- Is the movement of people into a country.

Emigration- The movement of people out of a country.


Two factors that changed Australia's population aft World War 2 are:

  • Lots of people from all over the world came into Australia because Australia invited them in fear of an invasion. 
  • Australia's population became more diverse and the white Australian policy was abandoned 

Factors that can cause people to come to Australia:

  • To live in a safe place
  • To get away from the war
  • To have freedom of speech
  • Women may come to be able to have basic and equal rights
  • Have better job opportunities 
  • The right to an education and school 
  • Better place to raise a family 
  • Diverse environment e.g. beaches, deserts, rain forests, towns and cities. 

Points of view on whether Australia should increase or decrease the number of immigrants- 

A Refugee from Afghanistan- want to increase the number of immigrants 
  • they will be more likely to come to Australia and be able to stay in a safe place
  • they would want to come with their families have the right to an education and freedom of speech.
An unemployed person- 

  • would want to decrease the number of immigrants because it would make it harder for them to get a job if they came. 

An environmentalist-

  • would want to decrease the number of immigrants because they wouldn't want the environment to be harmed by the construction of homes for the new people arriving n Australia. 



From this graph this information was found:

  • In the 1850's the migration net went up to about 500,000 because of the gold rush period. 
  • 2 main factors that caused less migrants coming to Australia were The Depression and World War 1 & 2. 

From this graph this information was found:

  • In 1901 most of the immigrants who came to Australia were from the UK and Ireland which is 80% of the immigrants
  • In 2006 most of the immigrants who came to Australia  were from the UK and Ireland which is 35% of the immigrants. 

Australia's Unique Character

Immigration- The movement of people into a country.

Population Densities- The number of people living in a given area, usually a square kilometer.

Ethnically Diverse-  Describes a population composed of people from different ethnic backgrounds or origins

Standard of Living- The amount of goods and services, mainly food, clothing, housing, education and health, that is available for use in the community per head of population


  • The most densely populated area in Australia is the east coat. 
  • The Capital cities inducing Brisbane, Townsville, Sydney, Melbourne, Hobart, Adelaide and Perth all have a population density higher than 100 people per square kilometer. 
  • Fringes of capital cities are generally growing at the fastest rate.  
Using Settlement map these Australian Communities are:
a) Concurry
b) Moree
c) Adelaide
d) Broome


Sunday, 15 May 2016

Population Pyramids

Population Pyramids are graphs which show population, age and gender.



The ABS stands for Australian Bureau of Statics. They get their data for population pyramids from censuses they do every 5 years. The government mail forms out to every Australian to fill out details they need to complete the census but this year they are allowing people to do it online. It is compulsorily and you can get fined if you don't do it.


The population of Australian 90 year old in 1971 was
-Female: 3406  -Male: 1418

The estimated population of 90 year old in 2050 is:
 - Female : 75265 -Male: 53816

This information tells us that the Australian population is getting older and people are living to an older age. This may bring some challenges to Australia such as having to care for the elderly e.g: age care homes and people having to look after them in hospital.

The total population of Australians in 1971 was 13,067, 265.

The estimated population total in 2050 is 37,593,636.


I think that the population change is a good thing as it will give the country more resources, better economy




Wednesday, 27 April 2016

Australia's Diverse Physical Environments

Spinifex grassland environment-







Source



Tropical Rain-forest ecosystem-(Daintree)

This climate has dense and cool temperature because of the large canopies. It has waterfalls and a range of diverse plants and animals including cassowary and idiot fruit tree.



source

Desert-

It is a very dry and deserted area with only 3% of the population. Plants and animals include thorny devil (lizard), red kangaroo and cork wood tree and spinifex.

Simpson desert: source

Salt Lake: Lake Eyre







Source

Mountain Alpine- southern Highlands.







Source

Coastal Ecosystem







Source

Mountain- Tasmanian Highlands







Source

Desert- Sturt Desert







Source

Fresh Water (Aquatic)- Murray River







Source

source

Tuesday, 26 April 2016

Australia's Unique Human Characteristics Glossary Terms

Assimilation- The social process of absorbing one cultural group into another.

Demography- The study of the characteristics of populations, such as size, growth, density, distribution and age and sex structure.

Immigration- The movement of people from one country to another.

Multicultural Society- A society made up of people from different racial and cultural backgrounds.

Nature Increase- Calculated by subtracting the total number of deaths from births.

Population Density- The number of people per square kilometer.

Urbanised Society-  A society where the majority of the population live in towns and cities.